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IELTS Speaking Part 3 Idea: TOPIC 5 BUILDINGS (OLD)

1. Should old buildings be preserved?
2. How do people in your country feel about old buildings?
3. What is interesting about old buildings?
Yes: I think old buildings should be preserved if:
• Important historicity if kept
• They are a symbol of architectural heritage
• They have unique constructions
• They are really beautiful and impressive
• They belong to historical heritage
I thing old buildings should be preserved as they:
• Create a lasting imprint on the area they are in
• Have intrinsic value
• Can attract more tourists to the area
• Can draw attention to the city
• Provide an insight into the history of the country
• Provide important income to the country attracting great numbers of tourists
No:  I don’t think old buildings should be preserved:
• As they make a heritage site limited for development
• As they do not always fit in with the new ones
• As they can ruin the aesthetic
• If the cost of the upkeep is too high
• If they are a threat to society
• If the land cleared is going  to be used beneficially
4. What aspect of culture do old buildings reflect?
• Behaviour of people of the time( a pace of life of some society, for example)
• Art of the time ( the techniques the used , a variety of forms)
• Religion( beliefs of the time, gods, religious events
5. How do old buildings affect the appearance of a place?
• Create an attractive and mixed environment
• Create the context
• Add charm
• Make the area distinctive
6. Do old and young people in your country have the same attitudes towards old buildings
Yes: I think that the old and the young in my country have the same attitudes towards old buildings as for both groups of people old buildings:
• Represent historical value
• Are portals to the past
• Are and incredible way to engage with history
• Bring history to life
• Inspire interest in history
• Are great informal learning environments
No: old people what to preserve old buildings as they don’t like changes while the young like to mix the old with the new
7. Does the design of the building influence people’s mood?
Yes it is a kind of trigger to physical, physiological and psychological well-being
  Light and ventilation
• Buildings with plenty of natural light and ventilation increase people’s mood
• Natural light and ventilation bring people the breath of life in nature
• Natural ventilation makes people feel fresh and pleasant
• The full use of natural light can help people avoid depression
• Blue light-emitting diodes (LED) and full-spectrum fluorescent lights arouse people’s attention making them alert and focused
• Lighting with longer wavelengths allows for better sleep and rest
The style of the building:
• People feel relaxed and live at a slower pace in buildings with much space or distance in between
• People feel under great pressure or even depressed in high-rise buildings and skyscrapers located very close to each other
• Airy spaces prime people to feel free
• Grey colour makes people less energetic and aroused
• Red colour induces better performance on focused tasks
• Blue colour puts people in a more creative frame of mind
The form:
• Angular forms make people feel tensed
8. What impact do the climate and the environment have on the designs:
• Weather temperature
• Soil temperature
• Angle and intensity of sunlight
• Relative humidity
• Wind direction and speed
• Rainfall and sunlight
Design objectives in hot-arid zones:
• To reduce uncomfortable conditions created by extremes of heat and dryness
• To adapt buildings to extreme summer and winter, day and night conditions to achieve a well-balanced indoor climate
• To provide cooling systems for hot weather as well as passive heating systems for winter and cold night
• To protect buildings from the intense sun radiation, dust , sandstorms and insects
• To prevents dust penetration
• To provide shape and controllable ventilation
Design objectives in warm- humid zones:
• To provide generous shade
• To arrange vegetation which provides efficient shading at low cost in a way that doesn’t  impede air circulation
• To use high reflective outer surfaces or double-skin structures
• To achieve comfortable conditions with proper ventilation
• To utilize existing air movements to provide evaporating cooling
Design objectives in temperate and upland zones:
• To satisfy conflicting needs of hot –dry and warm-humid periods
• To seek solar radiation gain in winter and provide shading in summer
• To provide wind protection in winter and proper ventilation in summer
• To use medium-sized windows

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